Bad Nieuweschans: bubbly spa- and fortress village
Bad Nieuweschans is the further most northeast village of The Netherlands. Mostly known for its first and most awarded wellness spa-resort of The Netherlands, Fontana. However, that’s not all. A protected townscape with many monumental buildings and the former locomotive shed are just a few examples. Thus, there is more than enough to see and do in Bad Nieuweschans.
Discover Bad Nieuweschans by foot. The historic centre offers many monumental buildings. A beautiful example is de Hoofdwacht, 1631. You will also find the authentic Dutch-reformed garrison church founded in 1751, the Fortress Museum and the old Synagogue. The Jewish cemetery is located just outside the centre, definitely worthwhile. You will find multiple maps of Bad Nieuwschans on information displays.
Bad Nieuweschans is reachable by boat via the Westerwoldse Aa and the B.L. Tijdenskanaal. The Westerwoldse Aa connects Bad Nieuweschans via the Dollard and the Eems to the Wadden sea. Sailing from and to the Oldambtmeer is delightful as well. You will experience the authentic atmosphere of Oldambt when sailing across Winschoterdiep.
Polders and forests
Bad Nieuweschans is situated at a junction of dikes and polders:
• The Bunder Neuland, diked in 1605, southeast of the village
• The Linteloopolder, east of the village
• The Spitlanden, diked in 1657, west of the village
• The Charlottenpolder, diked in 1682, northeast of the village
• The Kroonpolder, diked in 1696, northwest of the village
• The Süder Christian Eberhardspolder, diked in 1705, northeast of the village
Farmers use the polders as arable land. Forrest and nature reserves can be found surrounding Bad Nieuweschans. Between the A7 (highway) and the railroad you will find the Nieuweschanskerbos. The A-Dijken are situated south, between the Westerwoldse Aa and the A7, The Bos op Houwingaham is located south of the A-Dijken and east of the Tijdenskanaal and the German border.
Bad Nieuwschans is the starting and ending point of two national cycle routes. These are the LF 9 NAP-route and the LF 10 Waddenzee route. The recreational cycling route: ‘internationale Dollardroute’ passes Bad Nieuwschans as well. The European walking route E9 (coastal route from Portugal to the Baltic States), also known as the North Sea Trail or the Wad- en Wierdenpad will bring you to Bad Nieuweschans as well.
Large patches of land disappeared under the waterline in the 14th and 16th century during floods. Reclamation and natural sedimentation forced the sea to withdraw. The Nieuwe- or Langeakkerschans came to existence during the Eighty Years’ War, at that time on the Dollard. This new entrenchment was shaped as a pentagon, with bastions, surrounded by ramparts and a moat. A consequent street pattern has been laid out in the entrenchment, in the middle of which a parade ground can be found. A lock in the north provided the opportunity to submerge the area with water.
The Dutch garrison left in 1815 and as of 1870 the Nieuwe Schans stopped being an entrenchment. In 1882 the fortifications were demolished and the moats muted. The railroad marked a start of the industrial era. Mainly agricultural industries were established in this area. The reconstruction of the entrenchment started in the seventies. The name changed to Nieuweschans and later on, to Bad Nieuweschans. The word Bad (bath) points to the Wellness- and Spa resort Fontana Bad Nieuweschans. The resort opened in 1985 after mineral-rich spring water was found. After several major renovations the thermal baths including its sauna and hotel now attract around 200.000 visitors each year.